The zygoma, also referred to as the cheek bone is a very prominent aspect of the face. In situations where trauma occurs to the cheekbone whether it is because of a blunt object or car accident, a fracture may occur. Seeking treatment to repair the zygoma is crucial to restore the natural and proper contours of your face, but is also important in providing adequate support for the eye.
Zygoma Fracture Symptoms
When a patient suffers from a fracture of the cheekbone, several symptoms will occur aside from the typical swelling and bruising that is consistent with any kind of bone fracture. Other possible symptoms may include:
Flattened Facial Contour – When a fracture occurs, it can easily be noticed that the side of the face where the fracture has occurred is flatter than the normal side. It is important that the bone is brought to proper alignment so that the natural contours can be restored.
Cheek Numbness – One of the major nerves that provides sensation to the area is located at the center of the cheek bone. Fractures that occur near this nerve can result in pressure being applied to it. This can lead to their being partial or complete numbness in the face and will return to normal in about a few days after the fracture is repaired.
Unable to Open the Mouth Wide – Fractures in the cheek can lead to spasms in the muscles that help the mouth close leading to an inability to open the mouth wide. This will restore with time as the cheek heals.
Double Vision – The cheekbone is one of the bones that make up the orbit. Fractures that change the support that the cheek typical offers to the eyes can disrupt the muscles that make the eye move. Although double vision is the effect of the fracture, it is important that treatment is sought out quickly to avoid possibility of injury to the eyes.
Treatment Of Zygoma Fractures:
As Dr. Tahernia examines the injury, he will use not only a physical examination, but also a CT scan so that he can see into the depths of the severity. A CT scan allows for him to see a detailed image of the fracture and around the eyes so that the best method of corrective surgery can be set in place. You may also need to consult with an ophthalmologist to ensure that there are no injuries to the eye itself. If injury is present in the eye, then plans for surgery may need to be delayed or altered.
After all of the injuries have been addressed, Dr. Tahernia will bring the cheek bone back into alignment and secure it in its proper place. This can be done either with the use of a wire or metal plates with screws.